term speed hump is used to distinguish this device from the speed bumps
used in parking lots. The speed hump is safe to use at much higher
speeds than a bump thereby minimizing liability. I have experience with
two types of speed humps in the UK and USA.
rounded or 'Watts' profile, developed in the UK, which is 12 feet in
length and 3 inches high.
"Flat top" profile which is 22 feet long comprising two 6 foot
long ramps and a 10 foot long top. I have built these in heights varying
from 3 inches to 4 and a half inches.
my experience the speed hump is effective in reducing vehicle speeds and
may reduce traffic volumes a little if there is a high volume of cut
through traffic. They are very well accepted by the public to the point
that demand greatly exceeds government willingness to install them.
rounded profile humps placed in a series (they're only used in a series
to minimize liability) 350-550 feet apart will reduce 85 percentile
speeds (the traffic engineer's measure) by 8-10 mph. measured between
humps. Average speed will reduce 6-8 mph. I've used rounded profile
humps on roads with up to 3,000 vehicles per day.
top humps seem to be a better option for higher volume roads as they are
less noisy and less objectionable to emergency service operators. A 3
inch high flat top hump is largely psychological in effect with an
average speed reduction of 2-5 mph. However a 4 inch high hump will give
speed reductions approaching those of a rounded profile hump (provided
spacing is similar). I have used flat top speed humps on a road carrying
over 7000 vehicles per day.
people will request that humps not be sited directly in front of their
homes but I've received very few complaints about noise.
seem to be a good answer to excessive speed. They cost about $1500 each
and are surprisingly difficult to construct to the correct profile. They
are ugly, particularly when striped to draw attention to them. It is
possible to give them a paver block appearance by stamping and painting
Removable rubber speed humps can be purchased but have been more expensive than asphalt.
An example of a speed hump combined with a choker
In recent years speed cushions have been developed which overcome some of the emergency services' objections to speed humps, as they allow wide vehicles to straddle the cushion to cross at higher speed. They are best constructed from removable rubber segments. They need to be carefully positioned and dimensioned so as to slow the majority of traffic.
An example of a speed cushion installation [note additional cushion to discourage driving around the cushions].